Chinese style garden: characteristics, design features


Garden in the Chinese style: methods of creating harmony from Asian masters. The principles of the organization of the Chinese garden. What should it have? Differences from European traditions.
The decoration of the garden is one of the important directions of landscape design. Its main goal is to organize an expressive and interesting natural environment, full of beautiful artistic forms. This is done with the help of the so-called four elements of gardening. These include mountains, rivers, small architectural forms and plants. Supporting components such as roads and street furniture are also used. The development of landscape design requires a great deal of ingenuity and imagination. Along with other world gardening systems, such as European or Islamic, Chinese gardens have their own national characteristics.


Chinese gardening has existed since the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), although two imperial gardens were created during the Qin/Han Dynasty (221 B.C.- 220 A.D.) and Sui/Tang Dynasty (581-907).

The establishment of private gardens developed rapidly during the Tang and Song dynasties, and this development peaked during the Ming and Qing dynasties (1644-1911). The achievements of gardening during the Qing dynasty have attracted much attention because they represent an important element of the third great development of Chinese garden art.


When designing a Chinese garden, the first priority is to preserve the natural beauty of nature. The process of transforming the original landscape is guided by the following principle: “change as if nature did it”. It is important that the transformed area look natural and meet the needs of people who want to be closer to nature.

In addition, the Chinese try to create a lot of curves and undulating shapes. Nature is constantly changing, and that’s what makes it interesting. Chinese gardeners, who seek to imitate nature, always use a varied and unhurried style of composition. The Chinese gardening system is completely different from the Western system, which is built on the principle of symmetry.


A variety of structures and architectural elements play a huge role in the Chinese garden. They occupy up to 1/3 of the entire area and represent supports for plants. These include:

  • pergolas;
  • pergolas;
  • bridges;
  • gates.

Of course, they should be made of natural materials such as wood, bamboo, clay and stone combined with decorative metal elements.

When creating an environment, Chinese gardeners do not stop at the stage of formal beauty, but try to express inner feelings through outer decoration. Therefore, the fundamental key in creating a Chinese garden is the level of culture of the creator. Tasks of landscape design and garden landscaping you can safely entrust to the specialists of our company.

Arun Powell

Arun Powell